1. Create an atmosphere conducive to learning to write.
  • Establish clear expectations and class routines.
  • Encourage respect for all students’ culture, ideas, emotions, and interests.
  • Share personal writing with students in draft form.
  • Invite students to write with a pleasant physical environment.
    • Writing centers
    • Word walls
    • Provide space for published writing

2. Encourage writing in all content areas.

  • Use these techniques to make learning more efficient and engaging across the curriculum:
    • First Thoughts (a brief free-write at the start of a unit)
    • KWL Charts
    • Admit/Exit Slips
    • Dialogue Journals
    • Stop-N-Write (pauses in presentations where students jot questions, responses, or predictions)

3. Allow students to collaborate, responding and critiquing others’ writing as well as their own.

4. Choose writing topics that are meaningful to students.

5. Teach mini “focus” writing lessons.

6. Arrange for students to read, respond to, and use a variety of materials written for a variety of purposes and audiences.